Sunday, June 9, 2019

Gender: Types of Gender in English Grammar and Gender Words list

What is Gender in Grammar

In English grammar, Gender is a category of nouns or pronouns or none of them or subconscious substances, etc. Ex: Uncle, Son, Aunt, Baby, Teacher, Book, etc.

Gender এর বাংলা অর্থ লিঙ্গ। ইংরেজি গ্রামারে Gender কোন Noun বা Pronoun পুরুষ, স্ত্রী, ক্লীব নাকি উভয় লিঙ্গ তা  বুঝায়।

Types of Gender in English Grammar

Generally there are four types of Gender.
  • Masculine Gender
  • Feminine Gender
  • Common Gender
  • Neuter Gender

1. Masculine Gender

Masculine nouns refer to the being which is masculine such as Men, Boys, and Male animals.

যে Noun বা  Pronoun যে কোন পুরুষ প্রাণী বা মানুষকে বুঝায়, সেটি Masculine Gender

Example:
  • Man
  • Boy
  • Father
  • Dog
  • King
  • Author, etc.

A boy is playing in the playground. (Boy is masculine)
The hero is the movie is not a native of this country. (Hero is masculine)

2. Feminine Gender

Feminine nouns refer to women, girls and female animals.

যে Noun বা  Pronoun যে কোন স্ত্রী প্রাণী বা মানুষকে বুঝায়, সেটি Feminine Gender

Example:
  • Woman
  • Girl
  • Mother
  • Bitch
  • Queen
  • Authoress, etc.

A girl is playing in the playground.
The heroine of the movie is not a native of this country.

3. Common Gender

A Common Gender includes masculine and feminine categories.

যে Noun বা Pronoun কোন প্রাণীর পুরুষ বা স্ত্রী উভয় অবস্থাকেই বুঝাতে পারে, সেটি Common Gender

Example:
  • Parents
  • Baby
  • Driver
  • Singer
  • Child
  • Teacher
  • Enemy, etc.

A child is playing in the playground.
A parliamentarian should have to commend over his language.

4. Neuter Gender

Neuter gender refers to the lifeless matter.

যে Noun কোন জড়বস্তুকে বুঝায় এবং যার কোন পুরুষ বা স্ত্রী লিঙ্গ হতে পারেনা, সেটি Neuter Gender

Example:
  • Pen (কলম)
  • House (ঘর)
  • Radio (রেডিও)
  • School (বিদ্যালয়)
  • Television (টেলিভিশন)
  • College (কলেজ)
  • University (বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়)
  • Book (বই)
  • Pencil (পেন্সিল) etc.
Computer has brought about dynamic changes in our lives.
Books are our best friends.

    Feminine to masculine gender:


      Masculine 
             Feminine 
      Boy
      Girl
      Brother
      Sister
      Dog
      Bitch
      Father
      Mother
      Horse
      Mare
      Sloven
      Slut
      Buck
      Doe
      Boar
      Sow
      Colt
      Filly
      Mr
      Don
      Drake
      Mrs
      Donna
      Duck

      Seamster
      Seamstress
      Horse
      Mare
      Drone
      Bee
      Fox
      Vixen
      Monk/Friar
      Nun
      Ram/Weather
      Ewe
      Widower
      Widow
      Nephew
      Niece
      Dog
      Bride
      Rooster
      wizard
      Load
      Stag
      Doctor
      Bachelor
      Hen
      Witch
      Lady
      Hind
      Lady doctor
      Spinster

    After some masculine gender ses must be attached.

    Masculine
         
     Feminine
    Post
    postess
    Shepher
    Shepherdess

    Prince
    Giant
    Author
    Heir
    Lion
    Count
    Host
    Patron

    Princess
    Giantess
    Authoress
    Heiress
    Lioness
    Countess
    Hostess
    Patroness
    After masculine gender by syllable ess must be attached.

    Masculine
         Feminine
    Abbot
    Abbess
    Empress
    Empress
    Governor
    Governess
    Murderer
    Murderess
    Do masculine gender to feminine gender by adding a word after or before.


    Masculine
         Feminine
    Land lord
    Land lady 
    Grand father
    Grand mother 
    Pea-cock
    Pea-hen
    Milk-man
    Milk-maid


    Now you can try some Gender exercises.


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