Monday, November 11, 2019

HSC English First Paper Flow Chart Exercises (Unit 1, 2, 3)

1. Read the following text and make a flow chart showing the activities and achievements of Nelson Mandela.

(Unit- 1: Lesson 2) Nelson Mandela guided South Africa from the shackles of apartheid to a multi-racial democracy, as an icon of peace and reconciliation who came to embody the struggle for justice around the world. Imprisoned for nearly three decades for his fight against white minority rule, Mandela never lost his resolve to fight for his people’s emancipation. He was determined to bring down apartheid while avoiding a civil war. His prestige and charisma helped him win the support of the world. “I hate race discrimination most intensely and all its manifestations. I have fought it all during my life; I will fight it now, and will do so until the end of my days,” Mandela said in his acceptance speech on becoming South Africa’s first black president in 1994. “The time for the healing of the wounds has come. The moment to bridge the chasms that divide us has come.” “We have, at last, achieved our political emancipation.” In 1993, Mandela was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, an honor he shared with F.W. de Klerk, the white African leader who had freed him from prison three years earlier and negotiated the end of the apartheid.

Answer
1. Guided South Africa from the shackles of apartheid to a multi-racial democracy
2. Fought for justice around the world
3. Imprisoned for nearly three decades
4. Advocated for human dignity
5. Awarded Nobel Peace Prize
6. Elected as the first black president

Make a flow chart showing the purposes of Nelson Mandela.

Answer
1. to establish multi-racial democracy
2. to establish justice around the world
3. to establish human dignity
4. to establish a democratic and free society
5. to live together with harmony
6. to enjoy equal opportunities


2. Read the following text and make a flow chart showing the causes of the success of Nelson Mandela.

(Unit- 1: Lesson 2) Mandela never lost his resolve to fight for his people’s emancipation. He was determined to bring down apartheid while avoiding a civil war. His prestige and charisma helped him win the support of the world. “I hate race discrimination most intensely and all its manifestations. I have fought it all during my life; I will fight it now, and will do so until the end of my days,” Mandela said in his acceptance speech on becoming South Africa’s first black president in 1994. “The time for the healing of the wounds has come. The moment to bridge the chasms that divide us has come.” “We have, at last, achieved our political emancipation.” In 1993, Mandela was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, an honor he shared with F.W. de Klerk, the white African leader who had freed him from prison three years earlier and negotiated the end of the apartheid. Mandela went on to play a prominent role on the world stage as an advocate of human dignity in the face of challenges ranging from political repression to AIDS. He formally left public life in June 2004 before his 86th birthday, telling his adoring countrymen: “Don’t call me. I’ll call you.” But he remained one of the world’s most revered public figures, combining celebrity sparkle with an unwavering message of freedom, respect and human rights.

Answer:
1. Firm determination
2. Avoiding civil war
3. Fighting for justice around the world
4. Struggling against apartheid
5. Building Bridge the chasm that divided people
6. Advocating for human dignity

3. Read the following text and make a flow chart showing

(Unit- 1: Lesson 3) Although Tereshkova experienced nausea and physical discomfort for much of the flight, she orbited the earth 48 times and spent almost three days in space. With a single flight, she logged more flight time than the combined times of all American astronauts who had flown before that date. Tereshkova also maintained a flight log and took photographs of the horizon, which were later used to identify aerosol layers within the atmosphere.

Vostok-6 was the final Vostok flight and was launched two days after Vostok-5, which carried ValaryBykovsyinto a similar orbit for five days, landing three hours after Tereshkova. The two vessels approached each other within 5 kilometers at one point, and from space Tereshkova communicated with Bykovsky and the Soviet leader Khrushchev by radio.

Answer
1. Experienced Nausea and physical discomfort
2. orbited the earth 48 times
3. spent almost three days in space
4. maintained a flight log
5. took photographs of the horizon
6. communicated with Bykovsky and the Soviet leader Khrushchev by radio




4. Read the following text and make a flow chart showing the tremendous fast advancement of human beings.


(Unit 2: Lesson 1) We human beings tend to forget how far we have come as a species in a relatively short period of time. It was only in the 1870s when we had the first house that was lighted with electricity. Cars just started to become available 100 years ago. Charles Lindbergh made the first trans-Atlantic flight in 1927. Televisions didn’t become widely available until after World War II. In other words, the advances humankind has made in a relatively short period of time have been nothing short of extraordinary. Perhaps just as extraordinary is how we tend to simply adapt to these incredible changes, not realizing how completely our world has been altered in a short span of time. With that in mind, it is worth looking back at some of the amazing scientific advances we have made in the last few decades.

Answer:
1. Use of electricity
2. Use of cars
3. Inventing Aeroplanes
4. Inventing Televisions
5. Adapting to new incredible changes
6. The world being altered in a short time
7. Making these advancements within a few decades


5. Read the following text and make a flow chart showing the five names of the uses of personal computers.

(Unit 2: Lesson 1) Today, we take for granted that we have one machine that allows us to access the Internet, do word processing, use a calculator, watch TV, play games and do a host of other things. But the personal computer only became available to consumers in 1974. Things really took off when Microsoft Windows was introduced in 1985 and it’s good that it was since without the prevalence of personal computers, the Internet wouldn’t have had nearly as big an impact as it has ever since.

Answer:
1. Allowing us to access the internet
2. doing word processing
3. using Calculators
4. watching Television
5. playing games
6. enjoying music

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