So today we shall learn
- What is gerund?
- Uses of the gerund.
- What is Infinitive?
- Uses of an infinitive.
What is Gerund?
Gerund = Verb + ing
Uses of Gerund
1. As a Noun
2. As a Subject
- Walking is good for our health.
- Making friends has become more difficult since I moved to a new college.
3. As an Object
- I enjoy hiking.
- Today, I decided to draw.
4. After Some Verbs:
- Advice: I advise thinking the matter again
- Admit: We admitted changing the time of the meeting
- Avoid: He avoided looking me in the eye.
- Consider (think about): I considered taking silent, but I had to tell her.
- Deny: I denied knowing about his secret.
- Involve: The course involved writing three tests.
- Mention (say something): She mentioned seeing my brother at a baseball game.
- Recommend: I recommend practicing gerunds and infinitives.
- Risk: Don’t risk losing your job!
- Suggest: I suggest reading more English short stories.
5. After Preposition
- I made dinner before getting home.
- He looked unhappy after seeing his work schedule.
- He looks forward to meeting his cousins.
What is Infinitive?
Now that you know the difference between gerunds and infinitives. Our some simple rules are sure to help! Let’s start by explaining what gerunds and infinitives are.
Uses of Infinitive
Infinitive= to + the base form of the verb, e.g., to sing, to dance, to run. Whether you use a gerund or an infinitive depends on the main verb in the sentence. I expect to have the results of the operation soon. (Infinitive)
After Objects: Infinitives are used after sentence objects that are nouns or pronouns referring to a person.
We asked her not to go.
After Verbs: Infinitives can be used after certain verbs including:
agree, ask, decide, help, plan, hope, learn, want, would like, promise, claim, desire, afford, allow, intend, manage, deserve, know, pretend, need, offer, try, refuse, prepare, learn, wish, fail, seem, promise, want.
Here are a few examples of verbs that need to be followed by an infinitive:
- Agree: I agreed to go to a party with my friend.
- Decide: The president decided not to participate in the discussions.
- Deserve: Everyone deserves to be respected.
- Expect: I expect to know my exam grade by tomorrow.
- Hope: We were hoping to avoid traffic by leaving early.
- Learn: He learned not to trust anyone.
- Need: She needs to learn how to cook.
- Offer: I offered to help my brother with homework.
- Plan: We are planning to watch a movie tonight.
- Promise: My friend promised to find the time to help me move.
- Seem: We seem to be lost.
- Wait: I cannot wait to see my family.
- Want: I don’t want to go to bed yet.
There are lots of verbs that require an infinitive after. You will learn them naturally, as you progress in your English studies.
After Adjectives: Infinitives should be used After many adjectives:
- It is hard to make dinner this late.
- I find it difficult to describe my feelings about writing research essays.
To show purpose:
- I left for Russia to study Russian.
- I came to the office to solve the mystery of the missing keys.