Paragraph on Language Movement in Bangladesh

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This is a short paragraph about the language movement of Bangladesh. On 21st February, some

Paragraph on Language Movement

Pakistan became independent on 14 August in 1947. Then Bangladesh was known as East Pakistan and Pakistan was West Pakistan. West Pakistan Government wanted to make Urdu the only state language. In March 1948. Mohammad Ali Jinnah, the then Governor-General of Pakistan, declared in the convocation of Dhaka University that only Urdu shall be the State Language of Pakistan. The patriotic people of Bangladesh took it as a great blow to their culture. Actually, this declaration sowed the seed of the Language Movement.


Mainly the students and politically conscious people made a strong protest against this. On February 21, 1952, the Language Movement committee decided to go to the East Pakistan Assembly House from Dhaka University. The East Pakistan Govt. promulgated section. 144 in the University and Assembly area. The Bangladesh students violated it. The police opened fire and the streets of Dhaka University was stained with the blood of Barkat, Rafiq, Salam, Jabbar, and others.

The following day strike paralyzed the whole of East Pakistan. At last the Pakistani rulers were compelled to accept Bangla as one of the State Languages of Pakistan. This Language movement created a new national awareness which culminated in the creation of Bangladesh.

Bangladesh observes 21 February as Martyr Day. The U.N.O. declared this day as the International Mother Language Day.

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